Compressive Strength of Concrete & Concrete Cubes | What ...

The capacity of concrete is reported in psi – pounds per sq. inch in US units and in MPa – mega pascals in SI units.This is usually called as the characteristic compressive strength of concrete fc/ fck. For normal field applications, the concrete strength can vary from 10Mpa to 60 Mpa.

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Top 15 Factors Affecting Strength of Concrete

Note: Compressive Strength (CS) of cement given are average values. We at engineeringcivil.com are thankful to Sir Kaushal Kishore for submitting this research paper and helping all civil engineers understand the concept of Concrete Strength and factors affecting it.

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Hardened Concrete - Sanjay Ghodawat Group of Institutions

Hardened Concrete Lecture No. 15 . Factors affecting strength of concrete ... As a result, in a leaner mix, the voids form a smaller fraction off the total volume of concrete, and it is these voids that have an adverse effect on strength . Influence of aggregate/cement ratio .

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Strength of Concrete - University of Washington

Concrete Technology Strength of Concrete Professor Kamran M. Nemati Winter Quarter 2015 1 Concrete Technology Strength of Concrete Concrete Technology 2 Strength of Concrete In concrete design and quality control, strength is the property generally specified. This is because, compared to most other properties, testing strength is relatively easy.

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Properties of Fresh Concrete and Factors Affecting Properties

The hardening of concrete before it gains strength. OR. The transition process of changing of concrete from plastic state to hardened state. Setting of concrete is based or related to the setting of cement paste. Thus cement properties greatly affect the setting time.

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Factors Affecting Choice Of Concrete Mix Design - Blogger

The mean compressive strength required at a specific age, usually 28 days, determines the nominal water-cement ratio of the mix. The other factor affecting the strength of concrete at a given age and cured at a prescribed temperature is the degree of compaction. According to Abraham’s law the strength of fully compacted concrete is inversely ...

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Workability of Concrete - Tests & Factors Affecting ...

Apr 30, 2016· Increasing the water content should be the last resort to improve the workability in the concrete as this will seriously affect the strength of the concrete. Even if more amount of water is to be added, more cement also should be added so that the water/ cement ratio remains the same and hence the strength of the concrete remains unaffected.

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Strength of Concrete: Factors Affecting - YouTube

Mar 11, 2014· 11 Factors that can Affect the Strength of Concrete. - Duration: 10:07. ... CALCULATION OF QUANTITY OF CEMENT & SAND & AGGREGATE IN CONCRETE MIX | CIVIL ... compressive strength of concrete Cube ...

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Relation Between Compressive and Tensile Strength of Concrete

Compressive Strength The main measure of the structural quality of concrete is its compressive strength. This property of concrete is commonly considered in structural design. Depending on the mix (especially the water-cement ratio) and time and quality of the curing, compressive strength of concrete can be obtained up to 14,000 psi or more. Commercial production of concrete with ordinary ...

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Strength development in concrete - understanding-cement.com

Factors affecting strength gain & rate of strength gain of concrete Concrete porosity. Voids in concrete can be filled with air or with water. Broadly speaking, the more porous the concrete, the weaker it will be. Probably the most important source of porosity in concrete is the ratio of water to cement in the mix, known as the 'water to cement ...

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Compressive Strength of Concrete | Cube Test, Procedure ...

May 18, 2018· Cube test of concrete and factors affecting concrete compressive strength. Test procedure and for concrete compressive strength. Compressive strength of concrete for different grades of concrete @ 3 Days, 7 days, 14 days, 21 days & 28 days with video explanation.

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4 MAJOR FACTORS AFFECTING CONCRETE MIX PROPORTIONS ...

Mar 19, 2016· Selection of Concrete Mix Proportions. Concrete mix proportions is a process of optimization of several desirable characteristics based on the project requirements. The characteristics to be optimized are economy, strength, durability, and placeability. 1. Economy. The primary reason for systematically determining mixture proportions is economy.

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Factors Affecting Strength of Concrete - cegyan.com

May 01, 2015· Shape of Aggregates: Rounded aggregates give more workability to concrete. Angular or pointed aggregates make concrete harsh. Mix Proportion: High mixes of concrete give more workability to concrete as more cement gives more paste of cement for lubricating the concrete. Admixtures: Presence of admixtures such as pozzolana or plasticizers increases the workability and strength of concrete.

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Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete | Concrete Technology

However strength of concrete is not affected much by these properties. 4. The Effect of Age: The modulus of elasticity of concrete increases more rapidly with age than the strength of concrete. Thus the relation between the modulus of elasticity of concrete and its strength depends on age. 5. Mix …

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Effect of Concrete Strength and Slab Thickness on Floor ...

The specification for the floor of a maintenance building called for a 6-inch slab thickness and concrete with a design compressive strength of 3000 psi. The actual average cylinder strength for the floor concrete was 3630 psi. Four months after the floor was placed, 10 cores were drilled, measured, and tested in compression.

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Understanding the Density of Concrete - Aggregate Research

The density of concrete is a measurement of concrete’s solidity. The process of mixing concrete can be modified to form a higher or lower density of concrete end product. A very high density of concrete is that made around steel cables that have been stretched by hydraulic jacks. The concrete is allowed to harden and then the jacks are released.

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3 Ways Moisture Affects Concrete Strength - Polygon Group

As the acidic substances lower the concrete’s pH, the calcium carbonate within the aggregates dissolve and reduce the concrete’s strength. Eventually, the concrete will crumble into sand and rock. As the concrete becomes more acidic and damage progresses, the acids will eventually affect the protective layer of iron oxide on steel ...

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Ready Mix Concrete Ordering Tips - thebalancesmb.com

Jan 24, 2019· One of the most important factors before ordering ready-mix concrete is knowing the required compressive strength.Typically, reinforced concrete ranging between 3,500 to 4,000 psi is used on footing and slabs on grade; between 3,500 to 5,000 psi on suspended slabs, beams and girders; and walls and columns normally require between 3,000 to 5,000 psi.

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What are some ways to increase the strength of a concrete ...

Dec 28, 2016· The strength of concrete can be increased, keeping in mind the factors on which the strength of concrete depends. Strength of concrete depends upon the following factors: 1.) Type and age of cement- The variation of strength of concrete with type ...

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Factors Affecting Workability of Concrete - Civil Engineering

Factors Affecting Workability of Concrete. ... Hence an optimum water-cement ratio has to be maintained to balance workability and strength of concrete. Mix Proportions. Rich concrete mix (cement content is high) is more workable because due to sufficient cement aggregates will have proper lubrication for easy movement which means more ...

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The 28-Day Myth - National Precast Concrete Association

Oct 28, 2013· Specifying concrete strength is normally done with a minimum compressive strength (psi) at a certain age (days). Specified concrete compressive strength is the minimum compressive strength at which the concrete should fail in standard tests of 28-day-old concrete cylinders.

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How water content affect strength of concrete? - Quora

Nov 11, 2017· How water content affect strength of concrete? It is well known that the strength of concrete depends on the water/cement ratio. The more water one has for a fixed amount of cement, the further apart will be the cement particles. That is a similar...

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Water–cement ratio - Wikipedia

The water–cement ratio is the ratio of the weight of water to the weight of cement used in a concrete mix. A lower ratio leads to higher strength and durability, but may make the mix difficult to work with and form. Workability can be resolved with the use of plasticizers or super-plasticizers.

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The Strength of Chapter Concrete 3 - shop.iccsafe.org

Strength is necessary when computing a proposed mix for concrete, as the contemplated mix propor-tions are based on the expected strength-making properties of the constituents. 3.2. Strength Level Required The code and specifications state the strength that is …

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What Are the Strongest Types of Concrete? | eHow

What Are the Strongest Types of Concrete?. Concrete mixes balance, strength and workability during construction to produce a strong, high-quality finished product. Portland cement is available in different types for special purposes; but recently engineering specifications and concrete technology has evolved so that modifications during mixing,...

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CONCRETE MIXING RATIOS - Everything About Concrete

Mixing water with the cement, sand, and stone will form a paste that will bind the materials together until the mix hardens. The strength properties of the concrete are inversely proportional to the water/cement ratio. Basically this means the more water you use to mix the concrete (very fluid) the weaker the concrete mix.

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Factors Affecting Concrete Mix Design Strength

Factors Affecting Concrete Mix Design Strength. The above stated design strength variable factors are explained below based on different theories and specifications. 1. Water/cement ratio. Water to cement ratio (W/C ratio) is the single most important factor governing the strength and durability of concrete.

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High-Strength Concrete - cement.org

High-strength concrete is specified where reduced weight is important or where architectural considerations call for small support elements. By carrying loads more efficiently than normal-strength concrete, high-strength concrete also reduces the total amount of material placed and lowers the overall cost of the structure.

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Excess Water In Concrete | Holcim Australia - Holcim ...

Nothing is easier than adding excess mixing water to premixed concrete at building sites. And nothing is more likely to reduce the strength of the concrete, or make repairs to a concrete construction necessary, or more likely to damage a contractor's reputation for efficiency and reliability.

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CEMEX TB 009.1 Effects of Water Additions to Concrete rev ...

The Effects of Water Additions to Concrete: ... Restrict mix water content to bring the cement grains close together, and 2. Apply effective curing measures to minimize water loss, and whenever possible water-cure ... The compressive strength of a concrete mixture is reduced when additional water is added. Figure 1 and

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What is Water Cement Ratio? - Guide & Calculation – Civilology

What is Water Cement Ratio? Water Cement Ratio means the ratio between the weight of water to the weight of cement used in concrete mix. Normally water cement ratio falls under 0.4 to 0.6 as per IS Code 10262 (2009) for nominal mix (M10, M15 …. M25) We all know that water cement ratio will directly affect the strength of concrete.

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Concrete Slump Should Not Be Specified

Mar 14, 2017· Care should therefore be taken in relating slump results obtained under field conditions to strength.” Slump does affect the ease with which concrete can be transported, placed, and screeded ...

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Factors Affecting Strength of Concrete - theconstructor.org

Factors Affecting Strength of Concrete. Concrete strength is affected by many factors, such as quality of raw materials, water/cement ratio, coarse/fine aggregate ratio, age of concrete, compaction of concrete, temperature, relative humidity and curing of concrete.

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Factors Affecting Concrete Strength - onlinecivilforum.com

Jun 08, 2019· Factors Affecting concrete strength. There are many factors that can affect the strength of concrete. Some of the more important follow: Concrete porosity. Voids in concrete can be filled with air or with water. Air voids are on obvious and easily visible example of pores in concrete.

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Relation between Concrete Cube and Cylinder Strength ...

May 13, 2017· CONCRETE CUBE AND CYLINDER STRENGTH RELATION AND RESULTS | STRENGTH RATIO ... This will result in a higher value of the compressive strength in cubes than the cylinder even by employing the same concrete mix. Hence their relation can be given as: ... Top 15 Factors Affecting Strength of Concrete.

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Factors affecting durability of concrete • Aggregate ...

Factors affecting durability of concrete. ... Too much water in the concrete mix will produce a weaker, more permeable and less durable concrete. The water-cementitious ratio should be as low as possible (0.45 or less). ... Creep of plain concrete does not by itself affect strength, although under very high stresses creep hastens the approach ...

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affecting strength of concrete mix